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General description of the project - R.U. DIASS PDF Print E-mail

 

Abstract

The main target of this project is the investigation about the physical environment and natural resources which influenced the urban development on the east-side Adriatic region. The evolution of the landscape in the Balkan area (Croatia and Albany) will be analysed, since it represents a melting pot of cultures and people.

The research unit will focus on the geology of the urban areas as well as of their surrounding areas, in order to understand how the geomorphology, the shallow water, the groundwater and the building materials influenced the human actions on the environment and on the landscape. A particular care will be taken on geology, geomorphology, technical properties of the building materials, shallow and ground hydrology, availability and access to water resources and improvement of reservoirs. Indeed, the research unit will study the links between urban environment and water resources (i.e. access to water, water distribution systems management and related infrastructures). Moreover, the influence of water on the architecture of the urban areas (houses and their location) will be studied (Laureano, 1993, 2001, Grassi et Al. 2006).

The regions to be investigated are characterized by a rich urban heritage which is closely biased by those cultures which were present in those areas during the last centuries. These developed the architectures according to their relationships and needs coming from the nature and the surrounding environment. On this premise, the hydrologic and geomorphologic analyses are necessary in order to provide a historical – architectural characterization of the investigated areas which is targeted to their eco - sustainable recovering. In fact, the hydrogeology of an urban area constitutes an important component of its historical evolution, since they preserve the urban environment. In addition, understanding the local hydrogeology is important for the preservation of a fragile environment such as the karstic one. The karst areas are particularly vulnerable, since they have a precarious balance. Therefore, the use and management of groundwater resources should take into account the preservation of karst aquifers. A strategy aimed at the protection and improvement of the geomorphology and water resources will be pursued as well as the mitigation of the hydraulic and seismic risk.

 

 

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