Extended Period Simulation Analysis Considering Valve Shutdowns

Research Area: Hydro Year: 2008
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Water distribution systems, Network analysis, System reliability, Algorithms, Simulation, Risk management
Authors:
Journal: JOURNAL OF WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT-ASCE Volume: 134 (4)
Pages: 527-537
ISSN: 0733-9496
Abstract:
Planned (e.g., regular maintenance) and unplanned (e.g. pipe burst) interruptions occur regularly in water distribution systems leading to their reduced performance. This paper presents an extended period simulation model capable of assessing system’s performance under these conditions. The extended period simulation model is based on the recently developed steady-state pressure driven hydraulic model and is capable of calculating pressures, flows, and hence actual water demands delivered under modified network topology conditions (caused by the use of isolation valves). The model is accompanied by several reliability indicators which can be used to assess system’s performance under interruptions. The above-mentioned methodology is demonstrated on a real-life case study in Italy. The role of isolation valve design and uncertainty in valve operability is analyzed and discussed. The case study results obtained demonstrate that the least cost design/rehabilitation of water distribution systems is likely to result in unreliable systems if the actual network configurations obtained by closing isolation valves in abnormal working conditions are not taken into account.
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